HIV is transmitted through five body fluids that contain HIV Viruses such as blood, rectal fluid, semen, breast milk, and vaginal fluid. It can be passed from one person to another through the bloodstream. HIV passes through the penis’ opening, in the wet linings of your body, or even through broken skin.
There are some misconceptions about HIV transmission. Any of the following does not infect you with HIV:
- Hugging and kissing
- Talking to a person with HIV
- Shaking hands
- Eating with someone who has HIV
A person can be infected with HIV if they are involved in the following activities:
- Unprotected sex with the infected person (either anal or vaginal sex)
- Sharing needles when using drugs
A pregnant mother with HIV can transmit the virus into her baby in the womb.